Dr Jeff Polton

Contact details

Marine Systems Modelling
+44 (0)151 795 4832



Improved model representation of coastal ocean mixing: Observation motived improvement of numerical simulation of shallow seas mixing. Including optical processes and turbulent processes.

Shelf edge exchange: Processes and timescales responsible for cross shelf exchange.

Wave induced influences on the ocean mixed layer: Using numerical simulations to investigate processes that influence the Ekman layer mean flow, the interactions between internal waves and surface waves and understanding the effects on upper ocean turbulence and ocean mixing.


BC Pearson, ALM. Grant, JA Polton, SE Belcher (2015) The structure of Langmuir turbulence produced by a spectrum of ocean surface waves. Ocean Dynamics, (subm.).

S Chen, JA Polton, J Hu, J Xing (2016), Thermocline bulk shear analysis in the northern North Sea, Ocean Dynamics, (accepted).

S Chen, JA Polton, J Hu, J Xing (2015), Local inertial oscillations in the surface ocean generated by time-varying winds, Ocean Dynamics, 65, 1633-1641, doi: 10.1007/s10236-015-0899-6.

Guihou, Polton (2015), Improving understanding of shelf-sea exchange, Ocean Challenge, Vol. 21, No.1, pp26-27.

BC Pearson, A Grant, JA Polton, SE Belcher (2015), Langmuir turbulence and surface heating in the ocean surface boundary layer, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45, 2897--2911, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0018.1.

J Phelps, JC Blackford, JT Holt, JA Polton (2015), Modelling Large-Scale CO2 Leakages in the North Sea, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 38, 210-220. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.013 (open access). Abstract&PDF.

J Phelps, JA Polton, AJ Souza, LA Robinson (2015), Behaviour influences larval dispersal in shelf sea gyres: Nephrops norvegicus in the Irish Sea, Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser., 518, 177-191, doi:10.3354/meps11040. (open access). Abstract&PDF.

S Chen, J Hu, JA Polton (2015) Features of near-inertial motions observed on the northern South China Sea shelf during the passage of two typhoons. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(1), 38-43. doi:10.1007/s13131-015-0594-y. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton (2015), Tidally induced mean flow over bathymetric features: A contemporary challenge for high-resolution wide-area models. Geophys. & Astrophys. Fluid Dyn., 109:3, 207-215, doi:10.1080/03091929.2014.952726. Abstract&PDF.

J Mead Silvester, Y-D Lenn, JA Polton, TP Rippeth, M Morales-Maqueda (2014), Observations of a diapycnal shortcut to adiabatic upwelling of Antarctic Circumpolar Deep Water. GRL, 41(22), 7950-7956, doi:10.1002/2014GL061538. (open access). Abstract&PDF.

MJ Howarth, CA Balfour, RJJ Player, JA Polton (2014), Assessment of coastal density gradients near a macro-tidal estuary: Application to the Mersey and Liverpool Bay.Cont. Shelf Res, 87, 73-83. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.11.016. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton, YD Lenn, S Elipot, TK Chereskin, J Sprintall (2013), Can Drake Passage observations match Ekman’s classic theory? J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43 (8), 1733-1740, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-034.1 Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton, MR Palmer, MJ Howarth (2013), The vertical structure of time-mean estuarine circulation in a shallow, rotating, semi-enclosed coastal bay: A Liverpool Bay case study with application for monitoring. Cont. Shelf Res.,, 59, 115-126, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.03.004. Abstract&PDF.

J Phelps, JA Polton, AJ Souza, LA Robinson (2013), Hydrodynamic Timescales in a Hyper-tidal Region of Freshwater Influence. Cont. Shelf Res., 63, 13-22, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.04.027. Abstract&PDF.

MR Palmer, JA Polton, ME Inall, TP Rippeth, JAM Green, J Sharples, JH Simpson (2013), Variable Behavior In Pycnocline Mixing Over Shelf Seas. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, doi: 10.1029/2012GL054638. Abstract&PDF.

CK O’Neill, JA Polton, JT Holt, EJ O’Dea (2012), Modelling temperature and salinity in Liverpool Bay and the Irish Sea: Sensitivity to model type and surface forcing. Ocean Sci., 8, 903-913. doi:10.5194/os-8-903-2012. Abstract&PDF.

SE Belcher, A Grant, K Hanley, B Fox-Kemper, L Van Roekel, PP Sullivan, WG Large. A Brown, A Hines, D Calvert, A Rutgersson, H Pettersson, JR Bidlot, PAEM Janssen,JA Polton(2012), A global perspective on Langmuir turbulence in the ocean surface boundary layer. Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1029/2012GL052932. Abstract&PDF.

C Neil, A Cunningham, D McKee, JA Polton (2012) Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea. Remote Sensing of Environment, 127, 288-297. Abstract&PDF.

J Hopkins, JA Polton (2012), Scales and structure of frontal adjustment and freshwater export in a region of freshwater influence, Ocean Dynamics, 62 (1). 45-62. 10.1007/s10236-011-0475-7. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton, MR Palmer, MJ Howarth (2011), Physical and dynamical oceanography of Liverpool Bay. Ocean Dynamics. 61(9), 1421-1439. DOI:10.1007/s10236-011-0431-6. Abstract&PDF.

MR Palmer, JA Polton (2011), A strain induced freshwater pump in the Liverpool Bay ROFI. Ocean Dynamics. 61(11), 1905-1915. doi: 10.1007/s10236-011-0430-7. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton (2009), A wave averaged energy equation: Comment on "Global Estimates of Wind Energy Input to Subinertial Motions in the Ekman-Stokes Layer" by Bin Liu, Kejian Wu and Changlong Guan. J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan, 65 (5), pp665-668. Abstract&PDF

AE Tejada-Martinez, CE Grosch, AE Gargett, JA Polton, JA Smith, JA MacKinnon (2009). A Hybrid Spectral/Finite-difference Large-eddy Simulator of Turbulent Processes in the Upper Ocean, Ocean Modelling. 30, pp115-142. Abstract.

JA Polton, JA Smith, JA MacKinnon, AE Tejada-Martínez (2008) Rapid generation of high-frequency internal waves beneath a wind and wave forced oceanic surface mixed-layer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L13602, doi:10.1029/2008GL033856. Abstract&PDF

JA Polton, SE Belcher (2007). Langmuir Turbulence and deeply penetrating jets in an unstratified mixed layer. JGR-Oceans, 112, C09020, doi:10.1029/2007JC004205. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton, DP Marshall (2007). Overturning Cells in the Southern Ocean and subtropical gyres. Ocean Sci, 3(1), pp17-30. Abstract&PDF

P Cessi, WR Young, JA Polton (2006). Control of large-scale ocean heat transport by small-scale mixing. J Phy Oceanogr, 36, pp1877-1894. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton, DM Lewis, SE Belcher (2005). The role of the wave-induced Coriolis-Stokes forcing on the wind-driven mixed layer. J Phy Oceanogr, 35(4), pp444-457. Abstract&PDF

JA Polton, DP Marshall (2003). Understanding the Structure of the Subtropical Thermocline., J Phy Oceanogr, 33(6), pp1240-1249. Abstract&PDF.

H Brix, JL Hench, HL Johnson, TMS Johnston, JA Polton, M Roughan, P Testor (2003) An International Perspective on Graduate Education in Physical Oceanography. Oceanography, 16(3), pp128-133. Abstract&PDF.

JA Polton (2002) Home-made barometers under pressure. Weather, 57(7), pp255-25PDF

JA Polton (2002 )Understanding the Vertical Structure of the Subtropical Thermocline. PhD thesis, Reading, UK. Abstract&PDF