Dr David Smeed

Marine Physics and Ocean Climate
+44 (0)23 8059 6407

Current areas of interest are:   Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), Southern Ocean, Autonomous underwater gliders, Ocean mixing.

Committee and Board Memberships: 

Associate Editor Deep-Sea Research I



Sinha, B.; Smeed, D.A.; McCarthy, G.; Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.A.; Hirschi, J.J.-M.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Blaker, A.T.; Rayner, D.; Madec, G.. 2018 The accuracy of estimates of the overturning circulation from basin-wide mooring arrays. Progress in Oceanography, 160. 101-123.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001
Smeed, D.A.; Josey, S.A.; Beaulieu, C.; Johns, W.E.; Moat, B.I.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Meinen, C.S.; Baringer, M.O.; Bryden, H.L.; McCarthy, G.D.. 2018 The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (3). 1527-1533.https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076350
McCarthy, G.D.; Menary, M.B.; Mecking, J.V.; Moat, B.I.; Johns, W.E.; Andrews, M.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D.A.. 2017 The importance of deep, basinwide measurements in optimised Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation observing arrays. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (3). 1808-1826.10.1002/2016JC012200
Cusak, Jesse M.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Smeed, David A.; Girton, James B.. 2017 Observation of a large lee wave in the Drake Passage. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 47 (4). 793-810.10.1175/JPO-D-16-0153.1
Barringer, M.O.; Smeed, D.A.; Willis, J.; Lankhorst, M.; Hobbs, W.R.; Dong, S.; McCarthy, G.D.; Rayner, D.; Johns, W.E.; Goni, G.; Send, U.. 2017 Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (8), supplement State of the Climate in 2016. S84-S87.
Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.A.; Sinha, B.; Blaker, A.T.; Smeed, D.A.; McCarthy, G.; Johns, W.E.; Hirschi, J.-M.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Duchez, A.; Coward, A.C.. 2016 Major variations in subtropical North Atlantic heat transport at short (5 day) timescales and their causes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (5). 3237-3249.10.1002/2016JC011660
Pidcock, Rosalind E.M.; Martin, Adrian P.; Painter, Stuart C.; Allen, John T.; Srokosz, Meric A.; Forryan, Alex; Stinchcombe, Mark; Smeed, David A.. 2016 Quantifying mesoscale-driven nitrate supply: a case study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30 (8). 1206-1223.10.1002/2016GB005383
Porter, M.; Inall, M.E.; Hopkins, J.; Palmer, M.R.; Dale, A.C.; Aleynik, D.; Barth, J.A.; Mahaffey, C.; Smeed, D.A.. 2016 Glider observations of enhanced deep water upwelling at a shelf break canyon: a mechanism for cross-slope carbon and nutrient exchange. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (10). 7575-7588.10.1002/2016JC012087
Frajka-Williams, E.; Meinen, C.S.; Johns, W.E.; Smeed, D.A.; Duchez, A.; Lawrence, A.J.; Cuthbertson, D.A.; McCarthy, G.D.; Bryden, H.L.; Baringer, M.O.; Moat, B.I.; Rayner, D.. 2016 Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26°N. Ocean Science, 12 (2). 481-493.10.5194/os-12-481-2016
Duchez, Aurélie ; Courtois, Peggy; Harris, Elizabeth; Josey, Simon; Kanzow, Torsten; Marsh, Robert; Smeed, David; Hirschi, Joël Jean-Marie. 2016 Potential for seasonal prediction of the Atlantic sea surface temperatures using the RAPID array at 26°N. Climate Dynamics, 46 (9). 3351-3370.10.1007/s00382-015-2918-1
Pérez-Hernández, M.D.; McCarthy, G.D.; Vélez-Belchí, P.; Smeed, D.A.; Fraile-Nuez, E.; Hernández-Guerra, A.. 2015 The Canary Basin contribution to the seasonal cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120 (11). 7237-7252.10.1002/2015JC010969
Barringer, M.O.; McCarthy, G.D.; Willis, J.; Smeed, D.A.; Rayner, D.; Johns, W.E.; Meinen, C.S.; Lankhorst, M.; Send, U.; Cunningham, S.A.; Kanzow, T.O.. 2015 Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (7), supplement State of the Climate in 2014. S78-S80.
Blunden, J.; Arndt, D.S.; et al, .; Berry, D.I.; Grist, Jeremy; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Josey, Simon A.; McCarthy, Gerard ; Naveria Garabato, Alberto C.; Rayner, Darren; Smeed, David A.. 2015 State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (7 (Supplement)). S1-S267.10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
McCarthy, G.D.; Smeed, D.A.; Johns, W.E.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Moat, B.I.; Rayner, Darren.; Baringer, M.O.; Meinen, C.S.; Collins, J.; Bryden, H.L.. 2015 Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N. Progress in Oceanography, 130. 91-111.10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006
Sheen, K.L.; Brearley, J.A.; Naveira Garabato, A.C.; Smeed, D.A.; St. Laurent, L.; Meredith, M.P.; Thurnherr, A.M.; Waterman, S.N.. 2015 Modification of turbulent dissipation rates by a deep Southern Ocean eddy. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (9). 3450-3457.10.1002/2015GL063216
McCarthy, Gerard D.; Haigh, Ivan D.; Hirschi, Joël J.-M.; Grist, Jeremy P.; Smeed, David A.. 2015 Ocean impact on decadal Atlantic climate variability revealed by sea-level observations. Nature, 521 (7553). 508-510.10.1038/nature14491
Sheen, K.L.; Naveira Garabato, A.C.; Brearley, J.A.; Meredith, M.P.; Polzin, K.L.; Smeed, D.A.; Forryan, A.; King, B.A.; Sallee, J.-B.; St. Laurent, L.; Thurnherr, A.M.; Toole, J.M.; Waterman, S.N.; Watson, A.J.. 2014 Eddy-induced variability in Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Nature Geoscience, 7. 577-582.10.1038/ngeo2200
Brearley, J. Alexander; Sheen, Katy L.; Naviera Garabato, Alberto C.; Smeed, David A.; Speer, Kevin G.; Thurnherr, Andreas M.; Meredith, Michael P.; Waterman, Stephanie. 2014 Deep boundary current disintegration in Drake Passage. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (1). 121-127.10.1002/2013GL058617
Brito, M.P.; Smeed, D.A.; Griffiths, G.. 2014 Underwater glider reliability and implications for survey design. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31 (12). 2858-2870.10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00138.1
Suberg, Lavinia; Wynn, Russell; van der Kooij, Jeroen ; Fernand, Liam; Fielding, Sophie; Guihen, Damien; Gillespie, Douglas; Johnson, Mark; Gkikopoulo, Kalliopi C.; Allan, Ian J.; Vrana, Branislav; Miller, Peter I.; Smeed, David; Jones, Alice R.. 2014 Assessing the potential of autonomous submarine gliders for ecosystem monitoring across multiple trophic levels (plankton to cetaceans) and pollutants in shallow shelf seas. Methods in Oceanography, 10. 70-89.10.1016/j.mio.2014.06.002
Wahr, John; Smeed, David A.; Leuliette, Eric; Swenson, Sean. 2014 Seasonal variability of the Red Sea, from satellite gravity, radar altimetry, and in situ observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119 (8). 5091-5104.10.1002/2014JC010161
Duchez, A.; Hirschi, J.J.-M.; Blaker, A.T.; Bryden, H.L.; de Cuevas, B.; Atkinson, C.P.; McCarthy, G.D.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D; Cunningham, S.A.; Mizielinski, M.S.. 2014 A new index for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N. Journal of Climate, 27 (17). 6439.-6455.10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1
Blunden, J.; Arndt, D.S.; et al, .; Berry, D.I.; Frajka-Williams, E.; McCarthy, G.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D.A.. 2014 State of the Climate in 2013. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95 (7 (Supplement)). SI1-SI279.
Smeed, D.A.; McCarthy, G.; Cunningham, S.A.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Johns, W.E.; Meinen, C.S.; Baringer, M.O.; Moat, B.I.; Duchez, A.; Bryden, H.L.. 2014 Observed decline of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 2004–2012. Ocean Science, 10 (1). 29-38.10.5194/os-10-29-2014
Pidcock, Rosalind; Martin, Adrian; Allen, John; Painter, Stuart C.; Smeed, David. 2013 The spatial variability of vertical velocity in an Iceland basin eddy dipole. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 72. 121-140.10.1016/j.dsr.2012.10.008
Baringer, M.O.; Johns, W.E.; McCarthy, G.; Willis, J.; Garzoli, S.; Lankhorst, M.; Meinen, C.S.; Send, U.; Hobbs, W.R.; Cunningham, S.A.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D.A.; Kanzow, T.A.; Heimbach, P.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Macdonald, A.; Dong, S.; Marotzke, J.. 2013 Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in special issue: State of the Climate in 2012] Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (8). S65-S68.
Brearley, J. Alexander; Sheen, Katy L.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Smeed, David A.; Waterman, Stephanie. 2013 Eddy-Induced Modulation of Turbulent Dissipation over Rough Topography in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43 (11). 2288-2308.10.1175/JPO-D-12-0222.1
Sheen, K.L.; Brearley, J.A.; Naveira Garabato, A.C. ; Waterman, S.; Smeed, D.A.; Ledwell, J.R.; Meredith, M.P.; St. Laurent, L.; Thurnherr, A.M.; Toole, J.M.; Watson, A.J.. 2013 Rates and mechanisms of turbulent dissipation and mixing in the Southern Ocean: Results from the Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES). Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118 (6). 2774-2792.10.1002/jgrc.20217
Cunningham, Stuart A.; Roberts, Christopher D.; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Johns, William E.; Hobbs, Will; Palmer, Matthew D.; Rayner, Darren; Smeed, David A.; McCarthy, Gerard. 2013 Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (23). 6202-6207.10.1002/2013GL058464
Blunden, J.; et al, .; Berry, D.I.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Holgate, S.; McCarthy, G.; Rayner, D.; Smeed, D.A.. 2013 State of the Climate in 2012. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (8 (Supplement)). SI1-SI238.
Smeed, David; Garabato, Alberto. 2012 Trans-Atlantic oceanography: a meeting to celebrate the career of Professor Harry Bryden. Ocean Challenge, 19. p4.
Gille, Sarah T.; Ledwell, James; Naveira-Garabato, Alberto; Speer, Kevin; Balwada, Dhruv; Brearley, Alex; Girton, James B.; Griesel, Alexa; Ferrari, Raffaele; Klocker, Andreas; LaCasce, Joseph; Lazarevich, Peter; Mackay, Neill; Meredith, Michael P.; Messias, Marie-José; Owens, Breck; Sallée, Jean-Baptiste; Sheen, Kathy; Shuckburgh, Emily; Smeed, David A.; St.Laurent, Louis C.; Toole, John M.; Watson, Andrew J.; Wienders, Nicolas; Zajaczkovski, Uriel. 2012 The Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment: A First Assessment. CLIVAR Exchanges, 58(Vol. 17(1). 46-48.
Merckelbach, Lucas; Smeed, David; Griffiths, Gwyn. 2010 Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27 (3). 547-563.10.1175/2009JTECHO710.1
New, A.L.; Alderson, S.G.; Smeed, D.A.; Stansfield, K.L.. 2007 On the circulation of water masses across the Mascarene Plateau in the South Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research I, 54 (1). 42-74.10.1016/j.dsr.2006.08.016
Rabe, B.; Smeed, D.A.; Dalziel, S.B.; Lane-Serff, G.F.. 2007 Experimental studies of rotating exchange flow. Deep-Sea Research I, 54 (2). 269-291.10.1016/j.dsr.2006.11.002
Martin, J.R.; Smeed, D.A.; Lane-Serff, G.F.. 2005 Rotating gravity currents. Part 2: Potential vorticity theory. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 522. 63-89.10.1017/S0022112004001363
New, A.L.; Stansfield, K.; Smythe-Wright, D.; Smeed, D.A.; Evans, A.J.; Alderson, S.G.. 2005 Physical and biochemical aspects of the flow across the Mascarene Plateau in the Indian Ocean. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 363 (1826). 151-168.10.1098/rsta.2004.1484
Riemenschneider, U.; Smeed, D.A.; Killworth, P.D.. 2005 Theory of two-layer hydraulic exchange flows with rotation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 545. 373-395.10.1017/S0022112005006890
Gasparini, G.P.; Smeed, D.A.; Alderson, S.; Sparnocchia, S.; Vetrano, A.; Mazzola, S.. 2004 Tidal and subtidal currents in the Strait of Sicily. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C2). C02011.10.1029/2003JC002011
Pratt, L.J.; Smeed, D.A.. 2004 The physical oceanography of sea straits: editorial. Deep-Sea Research II, 51 (4-5). 319.
Siddall, M.; Smeed, D.A.; Hemleben, C.; Rohling, E.J.; Schmelzer, I.; Peltier, W.R.. 2004 Understanding the Red Sea response to sea level. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 225 (3-4). 421-434.10.1016/j.epsl.2004.06.008
Smeed, D.A.. 2004 Exchange through the Bab el Mandab. Deep-Sea Research II, 51 (4-5). 455-474.10.1016/j.dsr2.2003.11.002
Johns, W.E.; Yao, F.; Olson, D.B.; Josey, S.A.; Grist, J.P.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 Observations of seasonal exchange through the Straits of Hormuz and the inferred heat and freshwater budgets of the Persian Gulf. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (C12). Art.3391.10.1029/2003JC001881
Killworth, P.D.; Li, J.G.; Smeed, D.. 2003 On the efficiency of statistical assimilation techniques in the presence of model and data error. Journal of Geophysical Research C (Oceans), 108 (C4). art. 03133.10.1029/2002JC001444
Li, J.G.; Killworth, P.D.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 Response of an eddy-permitting ocean model to the assimilation of sparse in situ data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (C4). art. 03111.10.1029/2001JC001033
Rixen, M.; Allen, J.T.; Alderson, S.; Cornell, V.; Crisp, N.; Fielding, S.; Mustard, A.T.; Pollard, R.T.; Popova, E.E.; Smeed, D.A.; Srokosz, M.A.; Barth, A.; Beckers, J-M,. 2003 Along or across front survey strategy? An operational example at an unstable front. Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (1). 1017-[17pp].10.1029/2002GL015341
Rohling, E.J.; Siddall, M.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 Rates and magnitudes of sea-level change: lessons from the past for the future (abstract of paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 8-12 Dec 2003). EOS: Transactions American Geophysical Union, 84 (46, Supplement). F558.
Smeed, D.A.; New, A.L.; Alderson, S.G.; Stansfield, K.L.. 2003 Internal tides and mixing in the Indian Ocean (abstract of paper to be presented at: AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting, 26-30 January 2004, Portland, Oregon). EOS: Transactions American Geophysical Union, 84 (52, Supplement). OS39.
Stansfield, K.; Gasparini, G.P.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 High-resolution observations of the path of the overflow from the Sicily Strait. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 50 (9). 1129-1149.10.1016/S0967-0637(03)00099-2
Popova, E.E.; Srokosz, M.A.; Smeed, D.A.. 2002 Real-time forecasting of biological and physical dynamics at the Iceland-Faeroes Front in June 2001. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (4). 1055.10.1029/2001GL013706
Siddall, M.; Smeed, D.A.; Matthiesen, S.; Rohling, E.J.. 2002 Modelling the seasonal cycle of the exchange flow in Bab el Mandab (Red Sea). Deep-Sea Research I, 49 (9). 1551-1569.10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00043-2
Stansfield, K.; Smeed, D.A.; Gasparini, G.P.. 2002 The path of the overflow from the sills in the Sicily Strait. EOS: Transactions American Geophysical Union, 83 (4 Supplement). p.OS321.
Allen, J.T.; Smeed, D.A.; Nurser, A.J.G.; Zhang, J.W.; Rixen, M.. 2001 Diagnosis of vertical velocities with the QG omega equation: an examination of the errors due to sampling strategy. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 48 (2). 315-346.10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00035-2
Allen, J.T.; Smeed, D.A.; Tintore, J.; Ruiz, S.. 2001 Mesoscale subduction at the Almeria-Oran front. Part 1: ageostrophic flow. Journal of Marine Systems, 30 (3/4). 263-285.10.1016/S0924-7963(01)00062-8
Stansfield, Kate; Smeed, David A.; Gasparini, Gian Pietro; McPhail, Stephen; Millard, Nick; Stevenson, Peter; Webb, Andy; Vetrano, Anna; Rabe, Benjamin. 2001 Deep-sea, high-resolution, hydrography and current measurements using an autonomous underwater vehicle: the overflow from the Strait of Sicily. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (13). 2645-2648.10.1029/2000GL012770
Killworth, P.D.; Smeed, D.A.; Nurser, A.J.G.. 2000 The effects on ocean models of relaxation toward observations at the surface. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30 (1). 160-174.10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<0160:TEOOMO>2.0.CO;2
Lane-Serff, G.F.; Smeed, D.A.; Postlethwaite, C.R.. 2000 Multi-layer hydraulic exchange flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 416. 269-296.

Book section

McCarthy, G.D.; Smeed, D.A.; Cunningham, S.A.; Roberts, C.D.. 2017 Atlantic Meridonal Overturning Circulation. In: Frost, M.; Baxter, J.; Buckley, P.; Dye, S.; Stoker, B., (eds.)Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership: MCCIP Science Review 2017. Lowestoft, UK, MCCIP Secretariat, 15-21.
Smeed, David; Wood, Richard; Cunningham, Stuart; McCarthy, Gerard; Kuhlbrodt, Till; Dye, Stephen. 2013 Impacts of climate change on the Atlantic Heat Conveyor. In: Baxter, J.M.; Buckley, P.J.; Wallace, C.J., (eds.)Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership Science Review 2013. Lowestoft, UK, MCCIP Secretariat, 49-59.
Brito, M.P.; Smeed, D.A.; Griffiths, G.. 2013 Ocean Coverage Management Process for Gliders Operations. In:Proceedings OCEANS '13 Conference. Richardson, TX, IEEE, 1-6.
Testor, Pierre; Meyers, Gary; Pattiaratchi, Chari; Bachmeyer, Ralf; Hayes, Dan; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Petit de la Villeon, Loic; Carval, Thierry; Ganachaud, Alexandre; Gourdeau, Lionel; Mortier, Laurent; Claustre, Herve; Taillandier, Vincent; Lherminier, Pascale; Terre, Thierry; Visbeck, Martin; Karstensen, Johannes; Krahmann, Gerd; Alvarez, Alberto; Rixen, Michel; Poulain, Pierre-Marie; Osterhus, Svein; Tintore, Joaquin; Ruiz, Simon; Garau, Bartolomeo; Smeed, David; Griffiths, Gwyn; Merckelbach, Lucas; Sherwin, Toby; Schmid, Claudia; Barth, John A.; Schofield, Oscar; Glenn, Scott; Kohut, Josh; Perry, Mary Jane; Eriksen, Charlie; Send, Uwe; Davis, Russ; Rudnick, Daniel; Sherman, Jeff; Jones, Clayton; Webb, Douglas; Lee, Craig; Owens, Breck. 2010 Gliders as a component of future observing systems. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 1021-1038. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).
Merckelbach, L.M.; Briggs, R.D.; Smeed, D.A.; Griffiths, G.. 2008 Current measurements from autonomous underwater gliders. In:Current Measurement Technology, 2008. IEEE/OES 9th Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology. Richardson, USA, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 61-67.
Griffiths, Gwyn; Merckelbach, Lucas; Smeed, David. 2007 On the performance of three deep-diving underwater gliders. In:OCEANS 2007 - Europe. Richardson, USA, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1-5.
Millard, N.W.; McPhail, S.D.; Stevenson, P.; Pebody, M.; Perrett, J.R.; Webb, A.T.; Squires, M.; Griffiths, G.; Thorpe, S.A.; Collins, M.B.; Statham, P.; German, C.; Burkill, P.H.; Stansfield, K.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 Multidisciplinary ocean science applications of an AUV: the AUTOSUB science missions programme. In: Griffiths, G., (ed.)The technology and applications of autonomous underwater vehicles. Abingdon, UK, Taylor & Francis, 139-159, 360pp. (Ocean Science and Technology, 2).
Griffiths, G.; Millard, N.; Mcphail, S.D.; Stevenson, P.; Brierley, A.S.; Fernandes, P.G.; Smeed, D.A.; Stansfield, K.; Thorpe, S.A.; Osborn, T.; Farmer, D.M.; Statham, P.J.; Connelly, D.P.; German, C.R.; Cunningham, A.; Burkill, P.. 2001 Standard and special: Sensors used during the Autosub Science Missions programme. In:Proceedings of the AUSI Sensors Workshop, Miami, 4 Apr 2001, Miami FL, USA. Miami FL, USA, Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute, [17p].


Smeed, D.; McCarthy, G.; Rayner, D.; Moat, B.I.; Johns, W.E.; Baringer, M.O.; Meinen, C.S.. 2016 Atlantic meridional overturning circulation observed by the RAPID-MOCHA-WBTS (RAPID-Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heatflux Array-Western Boundary Time Series) array at 26N from 2004 to 2015. Southampton, British Oceanographic Data Centre/Natural Environment Research Council. (UNSPECIFIED)
Moat, B.I.; Smeed, D.A.; Marcinko, C.; Popinet, S.; Turnock, S.. 2016 Flow distortion around underwater gliders and impacts on sensor measurements: a pilot study using large-eddy simulations. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 35pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 58)
Smeed, D.A.; et al, .. 2015 RRS James Cook Cruise JC103, 23 Apr - 03 Jun 2014. RAPID moorings cruise report. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 211pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 30)
Smeed, D.A.. 2009 Glider Cruise Report No. 1. Bellamite and Dynamite, 15 Sep-24 Nov 2008 and 21 May-21 Jul 2009: RAPID glider deployment report. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 107pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 44)
Crisp, N.A.; Allen, J.T.; Griffiths, G.; Mustard, A.; Roe, H.S.J. ; Smeed, D.A.. 1998 Scheherezade - an interdisciplinary study of the Gulf of Oman, Strait of Hormuz and the southern Arabian Gulf, Charles Darwin Cruise 104, 12 Feb-30 Apr 1997. No. 12. Calibrated multifrequency backscatter and concurrent hydrography. Leg 1, 12 Feb - 19 March. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 75pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report 31)

Conference item

Moat, Ben; Smeed, David; McCarthy, Gerard; Rayner, Darren; Johns, William; Meinen, Chris; Baringer, Molly. 2016 The evolution of the RAPID monitoring array and the 11.5-year record of the AMOC at 26°N. [Poster] In: EGU General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17-22 Apr 2016.
Moat, Ben; Josey, Simon; Sinha, Bablu; Blaker, Adam; Smeed, David; McCarthy, Gerard; Johns, William; Hirschi, Joel; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Rayner, Darren; Duchez, Aurelie; Coward, Andrew. 2016 Major variations in sub-tropical North Atlantic heat transport at short timescales: causes and consequences. In: EGU General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17-22 Apr 2016. (Unpublished)
Moat, Ben; Smeed, David; Marcinko, Charlotte; Popinet, Stephane ; Turnock, Stephen ; Palmer, Matthew. 2016 Large eddy simulations of flow around underwater gliders and the impact on sensor measurements. In: 7th EGO Conference on Autonomous Ocean Gliders and their Applications, NOC, Southampton, UK, 26-29 Sep 2016. (Unpublished)

Electronic output